Support your rationale by using the theories, principles, skills, and roles of the leader versus manager described in your readings.
March 22, 2021
Substance Abuse Intervention Program – My Perfect Tutors
March 22, 2021

Discussion 1:

Question:

Explain how
you would conduct a job analysis in a company that has never had job
descriptions. Utilize the O*Net as a resource for your information.

Job descriptions are used for a variety of
reasons. They are a tool for recruiting, determining salary ranges and levels
or grades, establishing job titles, creating employee’s job goals and
objectives, and conducting performance reviews. They can also be used for
career planning, creating reasonable accommodations and meeting legal
requirements for compliance purposes. Because of this, it is very important to
have written job descriptions that accurately reflect the employees’ current
job duties and responsibilities (Schneider, C. A., Rasband, W. S., &
Eliceiri, K. W. (2012)).

Employers should audit their job descriptions
every few years, usually in conjunction with a compensation study and whenever
the organization’s purpose, mission or structure changes. One way to audit or
create job descriptions is to conduct a job analysis. Job analysis is the
process of gathering, examining and interpreting data about the job’s tasks and
responsibilities. It generally includes tracking an employee’s duties and
the duration of each task, observing the employee performing his or her job,
interviewing the employee, managers and others who interact with the employee,
and comparing the job to other jobs in the same department and job grade or
job family. An important concept in job analysis is that it is an
evaluation of the job, not the person doing the job. The final product from a
job analysis includes a thorough understanding of the essential functions of
the job, a list of all duties and responsibilities, a percentage of time spent
for each group of tasks, the job’s relative importance in comparison with other
jobs, the knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs) needed to perform the job, and
the conditions under which the work is completed (Hansen, M. T., Nohria, N., &
Tierney, T. (1999)).

Discussion 2:

Question:

Explain how
you would conduct a job analysis in a company that has never had job
descriptions. Utilize the O*Net as a resource for your information.

There are various
definitions of job analysis and according to Management Study Guide, (2018) job
analysis is a process of recognizing and defining details on a particular job
their duties, responsibilities as well as skills. The job analysis
process is important for organizations today considering the fact that it helps
in discovering what a department requires and what is expected of workers in
that given department. Also, a job analysis defines the particulars of a
job, including the job location, title, or even the working conditions of an
existing or future employee.

There are several steps
to follow in order to conduct a job analysis, effectively and the first step is
determining the reason for the job analysis, the individual to conduct the
analysis, how the analysis will be conducted and having a strategic decision
making. Also, there should be training for the job analyst and after that
preparation of the analysis process, data collection, recording, review, and
verification as well as creating a job description and specification (MSG,
2018). Conducting a job analysis is not an easy task, especially for a
company that has never had a job description, but with the above steps, a job
analysis can easily and effectively be developed. A job analysis is
important for organizations, especially in the recruitment and selection
process.

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