Discussion: Attitudes and Persuasion
August 19, 2020
Budget
August 19, 2020

 

Question 1

 

For which of the following symptoms should an exercising elder stop and contact a physician?

 

 

irregular heart beat   

nausea or vomiting during or after exercise   

muscle soreness   

all of the above   

a and b

 

1 points  

 

Question 2

 

Parkinson’s disease is involuntary shaking of the extremities that occurs during movement.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 3

 

Which type of research study is considered the gold standard (best)?

 

 

cross-sectional   

randomized   

blinded series   

randomized double blind   

systematic double blind

 

1 points  

 

Question 4

 

On the average, older Americans are not as healthy, are less educated and have lower incomes than younger adults.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 5

 

Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change of the ear?

 

 

a gradual inability to hear high-pitched sounds   

bones break in the middle ear   

ear wax accumulates   

all of the above are due to age   

b and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 6

 

About half the elder population subsists on incomes below the poverty level.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 7

 

Which of these characteristics is common among centenarians?

 

 

they have elderly family members   

they have lower rates of diseases   

they live independently, with or without a partner   

a and b   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 8

 

Which of the following has been attributed to elders’ decreased caloric needs with age?

 

 

decreased metabolic rate   

decreased proportion of body fat   

decreased physical activity   

all of the above   

a and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 9

 

Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change in the nervous system?

 

 

crystallized intelligence declines   

neurons accumulate lipofuscin   

decline of memory and speed of processing information   

reduction of blood flow to the brain   

all of the above occur with advanced age

 

1 points  

 

Question 10

 

What is a nosocomial infection?

 

 

an infection contracted in a hospital   

an infection that cannot be cured with antibiotics   

an infection that accompanies a chronic condition   

an infection that remains dormant for many years   

an infection transmitted by sexual contact

 

1 points  

 

Question 11

 

Which of the following mental disorders is considered a psychotic disorder?

 

 

delirium   

obsessive compulsive disorder   

schizophrenia   

none of the above   

more than one of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 12

 

A healthy elder needs up to two quarts of water each day, some of which is obtained from food.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 13

 

The two most commonly reported health conditions reported by elders are:

 

 

hypertension and arthritis   

heart disease and arthritis   

hypertension and cancer   

arthritis and diabetes   

heart disease and cancer

 

1 points  

 

Question 14

 

What factor has the highest influence on longevity?

 

 

gender   

ethnicity   

income   

educational level   

b and c equally

 

1 points  

 

Question 15

 

The most common cause of hospitalization among older adults is:

 

 

heart disease   

lung disease   

diabetes   

arthritis   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 16

 

Which of the following is false regarding vitamin D?

 

 

deficiency causes osteoarthritis   

increases the amount of calcium absorbed from the intestines   

requirement can be met by sunlight   

requirement can be met by supplements   

all are true

 

1 points  

 

Question 17

 

Senile pruritus” is a fancy name for:

 

 

the decrease in peripheral vision that accompanies aging   

itching of the skin   

incontinence   

high blood pressure   

the loss of ability to hear high pitched sounds

 

1 points  

 

Question 18

 

It is generally agreed that racial differences in life expectancy are due primarily to genetic factors.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 19

 

The most important risk factor for Parkinson’s disease is age.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 20

 

More than 400,000 elders are responsible for raising one or more grandchildren.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 21

 

Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL) measure the ability of older adults to:

 

 

live safely in the community   

perform more complex activities needed to live independently   

manage their chronic illness effectively   

perform self-care activities in the home   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 22

 

Define perception.

 

 

receiving and processing input from the environment that involves the senses as well as emotions within yourself and others   

ability of the person to choose what to focus on in the environment   

the accumulated data you store throughout your life about what you have experienced and what you know   

the ability to draw conclusions and make judgments from information   

ability to acquire and apply knowledge accumulated throughout life

 

1 points  

 

Question 23

 

What factor has the largest influence on life expectancy?

 

 

ethnicity   

race   

income   

gender   

all have equal influence

 

1 points  

 

Question 24

 

Which of the following diseases has no symptoms in most cases?

 

 

diabetes   

congestive heart failure   

angina   

hypertension   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 25

 

Why are elders at a greater risk for illness or death from common infections?

 

 

age-associated physiological changes   

the prevalence of chronic illnesses   

environmental influences   

all of the above   

a and b

 

1 points  

 

Question 26

 

It is hypothesized that females have a genetic advantage that enables them to live longer than males in almost all animal species.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 27

 

Older men and women who live alone have poorer diets than those who live with a spouse.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 28

 

Adult-onset diabetes is characterized by:

 

 

loss of receptivity of body cells to insulin   

high sugar diet   

presence of a genetic defect   

decreased insulin production   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 29

 

The greatest barrier to receiving dental care for older people is

 

 

hesitancy to visit a dentist   

inability to speak English   

they are not treated properly   

inability to pay

 

1 points  

 

Question 30

 

The three leading causes of death among elders, in order of mortality, are:

 

 

heart disease, accidents, stroke   

cancer, heart disease, accidents   

stroke, heart disease, cancer   

heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases

 

1 points  

 

Question 31

 

Alcohol ingestion can lead to malnutrition by:

 

 

diminishing appetite   

decreasing absorption of vitamins   

increasing need for minerals and vitamins   

all of the above   

b and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 32

 

The life span for humans is:

 

 

75-85 years   

85-95 years   

95-105 years   

105-115 years   

115-120 years

 

1 points  

 

Question 33

 

Which of the following is true regarding elders and sleep?

 

 

elders report fewer sleep complaints than middle-aged adults   

most elders do not seek medical care for insomnia   

sleep patterns change in the later years   

all of the above   

b and c only

 

1 points  

 

Question 34

 

Chronic illness can be difficult to diagnose among elders because they may:

 

 

report different symptoms than younger group   

may complain of multiple, nonspecific symptoms   

have side effects from medication that are misinterpreted as another condition   

symptoms of chronic illness may be incorrectly attributed to normal age changes   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 35

 

Native Americans receive all the health care they need from the tribal reservations.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 36

 

The biggest nutritional health problem in the United States is associated with:

 

 

vitamin deficiencies   

mineral deficiencies   

lack of fiber   

obesity   

lack of protein

 

1 points  

 

Question 37

 

Why is diagnosis of an infection more difficult in elders than other age groups?

 

 

important warning signs such as a fever may be atypical or absent   

nonspecific symptoms such as confusion or fatigue accompany an infection   

warning signs are misinterpreted as an association to age-related decline   

elders often do not report warning signs to their physicians   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 38

 

Demography is the study of:

 

 

race and ethnicity in the elderly population   

the size, geographical distribution and vital statistics of a particular group   

the relationship between minority groups and the level of care they receive   

the geographical distribution of a particular group   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 39

 

“Miscarried helping” refers to:

 

 

support that is excessive, untimely or inappropriate   

when caregivers are overburdened by responsibilities and unable to help   

the “sick role” behavior of older adults   

the need for caregiving by older adults with chronic illness   

assistance provided by elders to those who have lost a baby

 

1 points  

 

Question 40

 

Life expectancy

 

 

varies among cultures   

is about 115-120 years   

continues to increase in the U.S.   

a and c   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 41

 

Which of the following factors is the most important in culturally competent care?

 

 

the decoration of the building   

the cultural background of the staff hired matches the population you want to serve   

Placing signs in the native language   

Setting up systems addressing the needs and preferences of the clientele

 

1 points  

 

Question 42

 

Why are elders more susceptible to accidents than other age groups?

 

 

reduced vision and hearing   

other chronic and acute conditions   

medications prescribed   

poor gait   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 43

 

What accounts for the largest proportion of death and disability among elders?

 

 

chronic illnesses   

acute illness   

accidents   

suicides   

cancer

 

1 points  

 

Question 44

 

Which of the following cognitive traits decline with age?

 

 

memory loss of recent events   

ability to reason   

ability to solve problems   

all of the above   

a and b

 

1 points  

 

Question 45

 

Why is the older population expanding?

 

 

more people are surviving to old age while the birth rate is relatively constant   

the baby boomers are “coming of age”   

life expectancy and birth rates of ethnic minorities are increasing   

two of the above   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 46

 

Dysphagia is difficulty in:

 

 

losing weight   

swallowing   

gaining weight   

digesting food   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 47

 

Which of the following are age-associated changes of the eye?

 

 

inability of eye to focus on distant objects   

decreased speed of adaptation to darkness   

clouding and yellowing of the lens   

all of the above   

b and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 48

 

The four largest groups of minority elders are:

 

 

Asian Americans, Alaskan Natives, Mexican Americans, and blacks Hispanic Americans.   

African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Asian Pacific Islanders.   

Hispanic Americans, Asian Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Middle Eastern Americans   

African Americans, Southeast Asian Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans.

 

1 points  

 

Question 49

 

The strongest risk factor for dementia is:

 

 

age   

gender   

chromosomal abnormality   

race   

intelligence

 

1 points  

 

Question 50

 

The “zip code effect” explains why life in the rural areas is healthier than in the urban ones

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

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